Theology

THEOLOGICAL COURSES

THEOLOGICAL SUBJECTS

(Synopsis of the Courses)

  1. SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY

1.1. INTRODUCTION TO THEOLOGY (Lectures: 20)

This course will focus on the preliminaries of doing theology: Its Nature, Object, Necessity, Sources; an overview of the historical development and pluralism in theology; some Models of Theology and the Criteria of Christian Theological reflection; theologizing in the Indian context.

REVELATION AND FAITH (Lectures: 55)

The Course will focus on understanding the meaning of Christian Revelation, its Characteristics and Language, from the Biblical and Patristic times to the Post-Vatican II Period. The Christ Event as the climax of Christian Revelation and Faith as man’s response to God who reveals Himself continually will be sufficiently elucidated. In conclusion, the nexus between Faith and Salvation will be expounded.                                                              Rev. Dr. Henry Falcão

1.2. ECCLESIOLOGY (Lectures: 60)

The problem concerning the origin of the Church. The Biblical self-understanding of the Church. Significant Epochs in the Life of the Church. Shifts in the understanding of Ecclesiology from pre-Vatican to Vatican II. Nature/Different Images of the Church. Important Dimensions of the Church. Collegiality, infallibility, the primacy of Peter, the sense of the faithful. Ministries and Offices in the Church. The New Way of Being Church in India today.                                                                                Rev. George Dias

1.3. CHRISTOLOGY (Lectures: 55)

The whole Christ event is at the centre of our Christian faith. This event helps us to reconcile the discussion on the biblical Jesus of Nazareth and Christ of faith. The person, life, death, resurrection and ascension of Jesus Christ are central to the Christian Mystery. We look at the various responses to Jesus that his life elicited from those early Christian Communities. Vatican II defines the Church as a “sacrament” and a “sign and instrument of communion with God.” Christ in his very person is the “primordial sacrament” of humankind’s encounter with God. A faithful study of the traditional approaches to Christology will surely reveal to us the significant theological and more generally human implications. Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.            Rev.  George Dias

 1.4. GOD AND TRINITY (Lectures: 30)

This course will deal with the problem of the relation between One God and Triune God. It will study the Biblical as well as Patristic and Magisterial understanding of God and Trinity, especially in relation to the different heresies.                             Rev. George Dias

1.5. THEOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY (Lectures: 40)

This course tries to understand the theories of Evolution and Creation from the biblico-theological perspective; and thereby understand the influence of the creation stories held by the neighbouring peoples and cultures on the story of creation in the Book of Genesis. An attempt is made to reconcile the theories of Evolution and Creation based on the Church Magisterium. A brief study is made of the understanding of the theories of evolution and creation in Hinduism and Islam.

The course tries to develop the relationship between God and the Creation; between God and Human Beings as Imago Dei and Human Person, who can be understood as an indissoluble unity, or body -soul, or body-soul-spirit; between the World and Human Beings; and between Humans. It also develops the Christian understanding of Freedom; the problem of the presence of evil-devil-Satan in the world from the Hinduism, Islam and Christian perspective; the Reality of Sin i.e. the First Sin and the Original Sin; and the existence of the angels.                                                  Rev. Dr. Simplicio D’Souza

1.6. JUSTIFICATION AND ESCHATOLOGY (Lectures: 60)

This course envisages studying the biblical understanding of Salvation and Grace, along with its Patristic and Magisterial understanding. A profound study will be initiated in Christian Hope, so as to attempt at discovering the link between individual Salvation and Eschatological Consummation.                                                    Rev.  George Dias

 1.7. MARIOLOGY (Lectures: 25)

We have to restore the importance of Marian doctrine and devotion for the contemporary Church. As such, we need to have a theologically balanced and biblically grounded presentation of traditional and contemporary thought on Marian Spirituality. The course is a reflection on the meaning of the Virgin Mary for the Church, Theology and indeed for Anthropology as intended by the Councils. Mary, the Mother of God, is a peerless jewel set inside the history of salvation and as such, the locus of all that gives us faith in Jesus Christ. Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb!                                                                                                                                                 Rev.  George Dias

 1.8. SACRAMENTS IN GENERAL & SACRAMENTS OF INITIATION (Lectures: 45)

The course consists of two sections:

  1. Introduction to the Sacraments: It deals with the Methodology of understanding the Sacraments and the Origin, Causality and Effects of the Sacraments.
  2. Sacraments of Initiation: This section tries to understand the Theological Development of these Sacraments of Initiation, the various Objections raised against these Sacraments and their Effectiveness. Rev.  George Dias

1.9. SACRAMENTS OF HEALING AND VOCATION (Lectures: 45)

This part of the course deals with the Sacraments of Healing and Vocation in particular. They shall be studied from their biblical and historical perspective with attention being paid to the development of theology pertaining to each sacrament. We look at these Sacraments as “gift” and involving “return-gift.” The gift is the God-experience and the return-gift is the witness of life. Rev. Dr. Simplicio D’Souza

 1.10. PATROLOGY AND HISTORY OF THEOLOGY

(Lectures: 45)

The course studies the life and the important works of the Eastern (Greek) and Western (Latin) Church Fathers. The subdivision of the Fathers of the Church is mainly done taking the Council of Nicaea as the landmark. Hence, Ante-Nicene Fathers; Nicene Fathers; and Post Nicene Fathers. Some Syriac Fathers of the Church are also studied. The course develops a brief history of theology from scholasticism to the modern times by analysing the influence of the various ideologies on catholic theology.    Rev. Dr.  Aleixo Menezes

SACRED SCRIPTURE

2.1. BIBLICAL GREEK (Lectures: 45)

Greek language is an essential tool for the students of theology to good exegesis and to a deeper exposition and application of the Biblical Text. Furthermore, it helps to understand the deeper meaning inherent in the various theological concepts through etymological approach and analysis.

The aim of this course is to help the students to have a basic knowledge of one of the most important Biblical languages. Various elements like basic vocabulary, knowledge of morphological patterns, paradigms and grammatical structures of the Greek language will be emphasized. At the end of the course, a student is expected to read, to translate and to analyse simple passages from the Greek New Testament.                                      Rev.  Simião Fernandes

2.2. BIBLICAL INTRODUCTION (Lectures: 52)

This course aims at introducing the students to the treasures in the Bible. The following topics will be covered: Nature and Purpose of the Bible, Process of Bible Formation, History of the Old and the New Testament, Biblical Inspiration, Biblical Hermeneutics, Biblical Canonicity, Biblical Criticism, Literary Forms, Bible Study and Exegetical methods. Stress will also be laid on the socio-cultural and political background of the Bible, and on the various Movements, Festivals and Customs referred to in the Bible. The Pastoral Use of the Bible will be also given due importance. Rev. Simião Fernandes

2.3. SYNOPTIC GOSPELS (Lectures: 52)

In this course we shall study the genre of the Gospel and focus on the Characteristics, Chronology, Structure, Sociological Settings and Theology of the Synoptic Gospels. A comparative study on the Synoptic Gospels, and of the Synoptic Gospels with the Fourth Gospel will help us to understand the similarities and the differences found in the Biblical Texts. Due attention will also be given to the following topics: Miracles and Parables of Jesus, Infancy Narratives, Sermon on the Mount and Passion Narratives. Finally, a Critico-Exegetical analysis of some of the relevant texts will enrich our study of the Synoptic Gospels.                       Rev. Simião Fernandes

2.4. JOHANNINE CORPUS (Lectures: 52)

Besides the Gospel, 3 letters and the book of Revelation is said to be written by John. The basic question – who is the author of the fourth gospel, will be touched. Besides this the movement on which the prologue functions, the wedding at Cana, Jesus and Nicodemus, the Samaritan woman, the great Eucharistic discourse, the good shepherd, the last supper, the priestly prayer of Jesus, the trial before Pilate and the resurrection will be studied minutely. With regards to the three letters the understanding of the word ‘antichrist’ will be searched. Also how the ‘secessionists’ connects the three letters will be dealt with. The symbolism and the characters to understand the last book of the bible will be studied. Besides some visions of the Book of Revelation will be historically evaluated.                                                                                                                                            Rev.  Edson Fernandes

2.5. ACTS OF THE APOSTLES, LETTER TO THE HEBREWS and CATHOLIC LETTERS (Lectures: 52)

The book of the Acts of the Apostles speaks to us about the history of the early church. The book centres on the preaching and ministry of Peter and Paul. The Ascension, the descent of the Holy Spirit, Stephen’s speech, the conversion of Paul, Inauguration of the Gentile mission, the missionary journeys of Paul, the first ecumenical council at Jerusalem are some important events in this book.  The letter to the Hebrews is very important to understand the priesthood and sacrifice of Jesus- the High Priest. Certain knowledge of Jewish symbolism and Greek philosophy is a must to understand the sophisticated letter. The understanding of 1 Peter as a Christian Apologetic will be attempted. Also the relationship between 2 Peter and Jude will be explored. Finally the pastoral exhortations of the letter of James will be evaluated.                    Rev. Edson Fernandes

2.6. PAULINE CORPUS (Lectures: 52)

Pauline Corpus gives a thought-provoking response to the theological, liturgical, social and moral issues that crept up in the early Christian Communities. His literary treasury is widely used even today in the Liturgy and in the teaching of Christian Doctrine.

In this course, after a brief sketch on the life and mission of Paul, we shall concentrate our efforts to understand the message proclaimed through his letters. An exegetical comment on some of the important passages and terms in the Pauline Corpus will be our focus. We shall also try to draw inspiration from Paul for our Pastoral Ministry and also endeavour to understand his message in today’s context.                            Rev.  Simião Fernandes

2.7. PENTATEUCH     (Lectures: 52)

The foundation documents for the people of Israel are the first five books of the bible we commonly refer to as Pentateuch. The name Pentateuch means a five part writing – one book in five volumes. All these books have to be viewed together. The four traditions play an important role in the understanding of the Pentateuch. These books speak about the origins – of the world and the people of Israel, the Exodus and the Covenant at Mount Sinai, the laws which makes us holy, the journey in the wilderness and the farewell speeches of Moses. History or Theology? – especially the first 11 chapters of Genesis, Why Israel is God’s choice as His chosen people, the 10 commandments and the alliance code that follows, the code of holiness found in the book of Leviticus, the important events in the wilderness as found in the books of numbers, some theological insights into the theology of land, theory of retribution as found in the book of Deuteronomy will be dealt with.                                                                                                         Rev.  Edson Fernandes

 2.8. PROPHETIC LITERATURE (Lectures: 52)

The modern day Biblical exegetes see the role of the prophets in a three-fold manner: to expound and interpret the Mosaic revelation; to act as sentinels for people against the dangers of religious apostasy and moral degradation; to give hope in times of agony and to pronounce judgment in situations of infidelity.

In this course we shall deal with the Origin and Development of Old Testament Prophecy; Meaning and Function of the Prophet; Prophets and the Socio-Political Scenario; True and False Prophets; the Language of Prophecy; Closer view of some of the Major and Minor Prophets: their background, message and exegetical comment on relevant pericopes.                                                                                                                         Rev. Simião Fernandes

2.9. PSALMS AND HISTORICAL BOOKS (Lectures: 52)

The first part of this course focuses on the Psalms which have moulded and shaped the lives of many Christians on this earthly journey. After dealing with the Etymology, Nature and Origin, Formation and Division of the Psalms, we shall try to analyse the Structure, the Types and the Themes found in the Psalms. We shall also attempt to do the exegetical analysis of some of the Psalms with stress on their relevance in the New Testament and in Christian Liturgy.

The second part will orient our minds towards the Historical Books. God’s eternal plan of salvation was being unfolded in the course of the history of His chosen people situated in different socio-political and religious backgrounds. We shall try to understand this perception of the divine presence as presented to us by Deuteronomistic, Chronicler’s, Midrashic and Maccabean History.                                                  Rev. Mariano Costa

2.10. WISDOM LITERATURE (Lectures: 52)

Wisdom is the ability to perceive the order of the universe and to live according to it. The seven books of the Old Testament which make up Wisdom Literature do not deal much with topics like election, covenant. They are more concerned with the day to day life of a human being. The understanding of ‘Mashals’ is central to wisdom books. The book of Job will try to understand the theory of Retribution and the suffering of the innocent. Besides this, exegesis of some selected texts of the book of Job will be done. In the book of Song of Songs not even once is the name of God mentioned but still it is considered to be one of the most holy books of the Jews – how it is to be interpreted? The structure of the book of Wisdom and the personification of wisdom are indispensable while dealing with the book of Wisdom. Also the book of Wisdom is one of the few books of the Old Testament which speaks clearly about after life. The pessimism of Qoheleth does it have a reason? What is the main message of this book – will be dealt. The sayings of the book of Proverbs and the voluminous content of the book of Sirach will be perused.           Rev.  Edson Fernandes

MORAL THEOLOGY

3.1. FUNDAMENTAL MORAL THEOLOGY (Lectures: 60)

After having considered the evolutionary process of the history of Moral Theology, the topic, Life in Christ from the Catechism of the Catholic Church is focused upon. The salient features of Veritatis Splendor are highlighted. The definition of Moral Theology, human acts, their impediments, the sources defining the morality of human acts and the principle of double effect are treated. The human person as focal point in moral theology and conscience as the subjective norm and law as objective norm of morality are dealt with. At the end, sin which disrupts and deforms the image of God in each human person is also treated.                                                                               Rev.  Dr. Socorro Mendes

3.2. SPECIAL MORAL THEOLOGY (Lectures: 60)

This Course deals with the three Theological and the four Cardinal Virtues. The Virtue of Justice is given special importance in these treatises. Right to Property and its Violation, Right to One’ Honour and Reputation and its Violation, Restitution and Business Ethics are also dealt with in this Course. The Virtue of Religion with all its other relevant aspects is also a part of this Course.                                                    Rev.  Dr. Socorro Mendes

3.3. SACRAMENTAL MORAL THEOLOGY (Part I)

(Lectures: 45)

This Course deals with the moral canonical, theological and liturgico-pastoral understanding of the Sacraments in general and practical aspects of the administration of the Sacraments of Christian Initiation in particular. General topics related to all the seven Sacraments like the institution of the Sacraments, number of Sacraments, Sacramental signs, Sacramental seal, effects of the Sacraments, the Minister of the Sacraments, Simulation, Communication in sacris et spiritualibus, Sacramentals, Ministries of blessings, Exorcism, Arbitrary and Creative changes in Liturgy are also dealt with.                                                                                            Rev.  Dr. Socorro Mendes

3.4. SACRAMENTAL MORAL THEOLOGY (Part II)

       (Lectures: 45)

This Course deals with the moral, canonical, theological and liturgico-pastoral dimension of the Sacraments of Penance, Anointing of the Sick and Holy Orders. Under Penance come the notion of the Sacrament, the Quasi-matter and Form, the Minister, the Faculty needed to administer, Solicitation and the Sacramental Seal. Under Anointing of the Sick come the Matter and Form, the Effects and those to be anointed. Under Holy Orders come the Institution, the Grades, the Requirements for its reception, the impediments and Irregularities in its reception, the various obligation and duties of clerics.                                                                                                                                          Rev.  Dr. Socorro Mendes

3.5. BIO-MEDICAL ETHICS AND SEXUAL ETHICS (Lectures: 60)

Bio-Medical Ethics focuses on the Preciousness, Sanctity, Equality and Inviolability of Human Life. Killing in War and Killing in Self Defence, Capital Punishment are also dealt with. The topics on  Genetic Engineering, Conception, Stem Cell Research, Cloning, Organ Transplantation, Medically Terminated Pregnancy, Mercy Killing, Assisted Reproductive Technologies, the Challenges of Synthetic Biology are also some of the topics. Human Sexuality is considered not only at a human level but also dealt with as having a specific Christian Ethical dimension. Hence, biblical understanding of Human Sexuality under the guidance of the magisterial teachings is very much a part of the Course. Besides, topics on Homosexuality, Paedophilia, Sexual anomalies, and Sexual dysfunctions, Natural Family Planning, HIV and AIDS form a part and parcel of this Course.                                                   Rev.  Dr. Socorro Mendes

3.6. MARRIAGE (Lectures: 60)

This Course seeks to place the present canonical legislation regarding marriage against the relevant historical, theological, canonical and pastoral background. The nature of marriage, its properties, essential elements and effects are explained. Topics like consent in marriage, the notion of engagement, the preparation due before marriage, the pastoral care of the married, etc. are studied from the moral and canonical points of view. The course also elucidates the impediments that lead to the nullity of marriage, their dispensation and the canonical form of marriage. Topics like separation of the spouses, convalidation are touched. Mention is also made of some distinctive points regarding marriage as presented in the Eastern Code.                              Rev. Dr. Nelson Sequeira

CANON LAW

4.1. GENERAL NORMS (Lectures: 50)

The content of the course comprises an introduction to the Code of Canon Law 1983, its history.  By exegetical analysis the first 203 canons of the code   It aims to give the student an understanding of  Ecclesiastical law, its theological and ecclesiological relevance; the understanding of a physical and juridical person in the Church; and the application of the general norms in concrete situations of ecclesiastical life.                                       Rev. Dr. Nelson Sequeira

 4.2. PEOPLE OF GOD (Lectures: 60)

The course deals with the second book of the Code of Canon Law 1983.  It aims to impart knowledge about the Christ’s faithful, their rights and duties, their communion in the Church, the various states of Ecclesiastical life, and the understanding of diversity and equality.  The course also studies the rights and duties of lay faithful, their right to form associations, as well as the formation of clerics, their incardination, obligations and rights.  Besides, the institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life are also studied.                                                                                       Rev. Dr.  Nelson Sequeira

4.3. TEMPORAL GOODS AND SANCTIONS (Lectures: 60)

The first part of this Course deals with the Patrimonial Law of the Church. Book V of the Code is studied in detail. Reference is also made to the particular norms governing the administration of goods in the Archdiocese of Goa and Daman

The second part of the Course concerns the Penal Law of the Church. Topics that are covered include the meaning of canonical offence, the concept of imputability, the types of canonical penalties, the application and cessation of penalties, etc. Some delicts like violation of the sacramental seal, solicitation, abortion, etc. are studied in depth.                                                                                                                Rev. Dr. Nelson Sequeira

CHURCH HISTORY

 5.1. CHURCH HISTORY – I (Lectures: 45)

The aim of the first part of the course is to give an overview of the developments of Christianity in the first millennium, with special emphasis on early Christianity. It will begin with an introduction to the concept and method of church historiography. It will then deal with important themes and some significant personalities from early Christianity. It will also treat other important developments like the migration of the nations, the Germanization of Christianity, the rise of Islam and its consequences for the church, and the factors that led to the eastern schism. The course also studies the various factors that led the growth of the Church in India.                       Rev. Manuel Gomes

5.2. CHURCH HISTORY –II (Lectures: 45)

The second part of the course is to give an overview of the significant developments in Christianity in the second millennium. The main topics dealt with will be: the Gregorian reforms, the reformation and catholic reform, World Mission, the Enlightenment and Christianity, Vatican I and the Papal Dogmas, the Ecumenical Movement, Vatican II and its impact on the church. Besides the events that took place in the Latin Church, it also includes matters concerning the Eastern Church.                                 Rev. Manuel Gomes

PASTORAL THEOLOGY

(Lectures: 45)

This course will help us to reflect together on the nature and the need of Pastoral Theology in the light of the teachings of the Church. The Church in Goa will be our focus: the Diocesan Pastoral Plan, the Statement of the Diocesan Synod, the Participatory Structures and the Associations and Movements functioning in the Archdiocese will be given due importance. A section on Pastoral leadership will motivate us to follow in the foot-steps of Jesus, the Pastor ‘par excellence’ and reflect on the paradigm shifts that are expected for a productive Pastoral Ministry. We shall make an effort to explore the various challenges faced by a pastor and try to give an adequate response to the same. Pastoral use of the Bible in the various fields of our apostolate will be stressed. A concrete action plan for the Pastoral Ministry and a couple of field trips, in addition to the weekend parish ministry and SCCs in the neighbourhood, will equip us with necessary tools to become effective Pastors.                                                                                             Rev. Dr.  Aleixo Menezes

  1. THEOLOGY OF MISSIONS

(Lectures: 30)

This course will attempt to study the Biblico-theological, Patristic and historical development of the Church and its subsequent growth down the centuries. The different approaches and paradigms used in the establishment and growth of the Church in non-Christian countries and continents will be critically studied with an aim to attempt at formulating our own approach to proclaiming the Good News to the people of our nation, mindful of the reality of plurality of religions and cultures.                         Rev. George Dias

  1. SPIRITUAL THEOLOGY

(Lectures: 35)

Our whole life is being determined and influenced by three basic relationships, namely, to self, to fellowman/woman and to God. Holiness consists in allowing these relationships to develop in the most human possible way and letting them be controlled according to the will of God. Hence a deeper knowledge of Christian Spirituality as a life led or guided by the Holy Spirit can help us see our relationships as a sure way of experiencing God and His Love in us and others through the silent writings of the Holy Spirit abiding in us. In this course on “Spiritual Theology” we will try to learn and to discover some important means and methods of growing in real intimacy with God, others and oneself in order to live a truly Christian life within the context of western and eastern tradition (particularly Indian).                                            Rev.  Polly Lobo

  1. SACRED MUSIC

9.1. GREGORIAN CHANT (Lectures 25)

This short course aims at introducing the student to the beauty of Gregorian chant. A comprehensive notion of the history, notations, modalities, psalmody, phrasing, rhythm and chironomy used in this plainsong is offered. More weight is given to the practical rendering of hymns, antiphons, psalms, canticles, sequences and liturgical recitatives. All through, a sincere effort is made to highlight the sense of holiness, beauty, awe and universality embodied in this sacred chant, esteemed as the highest model of music that is proper to the Latin Rite Church.                                    Rev. Bernard Cota

9.2. INDIAN MUSIC (Lectures 25)

This short course seeks to demonstrate the significance of Indian music in the context of inculturation in the Church. The world of Indian classical music is the world of ragas, of talas, of kirtis, of khyal. The students are introduced into these and other related concepts. More stress is laid on the style and structure of ragas. Rag Bhairav, Rag Malkauns, Rag Kalyani, Rag Bhagashree are some of the ragas that the students are expected to learn and reproduce.                                                           Rev. Glen da Silva sfx

9.3. LITURGICAL MUSIC (Lectures 25)

This course seeks to familiarize the students with the magisterial teachings on sacred and liturgical music. The difference between sacred and profane music, the importance of song/chant at liturgical celebrations, the role of the choir in the liturgy, the appropriate use of instrumentation are some of the topics dealt with in the theoretical section. In the practical part, the students are trained in chanting the parts of the Mass that belong to the priest/deacon. Besides, hymnody, choral exercises and elements of inculturation in sacred music are also given due attention.                                       Rev. Arvino Fernandes

  1. SACRED LITURGY

10.1. LITURGY: SACRAMENTS, LITURGY OF THE HOURS AND THE RITE OF FUNERALS (Lectures: 45)

This course seeks to give a basic notion of the sacraments, the Liturgy of the Hours and the Rite of Funerals. Each is studied according to its earliest known forms and subsequent historical developments keeping in mind the post-conciliar liturgical reforms. Stress is given to the constitutive elements of each corresponding revised liturgical rite. The primary aim of this course is to contribute to a deeper understanding of the nature and the purpose of each and lead the students to a more critical appreciation of what the Council had decreed and what the post-conciliar reform has implemented.                                                                                                                                                                Rev. Dr. Ronald Serrao

10.2. LITURGY: HOLY EUCHARIST (Lectures: 35)

A detailed study of General Instruction of the Roman Missal (Instructio Generalis Missalis Romani) and General Introduction to the Lectionary. Besides, worship of the Eucharist outside Mass; Liturgical Inculturation in India and the twelve points of adaptations; the instruction Redemptionis Sacramentum and their related magisterial documents on the Eucharist will be dealt with during this course.

HOMILETICS (SACRED ELOQUENCE)

(Lectures: 25)

More than ever, preaching today is challenging. A good and effective preacher should be in touch with the Scriptures, the needs of his parishioners and concern for the society. In this brief course of Homiletics, we attempt to put the art of sacred eloquence at the service of the Word. Due attention will be given to the organization of thought, to the drafting of the homily and to the actual delivery of the sermon.                                       Rev.  Polly Lobo

De Universa Theologia or Comprehensive Examination after the successful completion of the Theology Course.